“Off with his head!” This is a favorite story line to show how cruel a king (or a sultan or emperor) can be. The rules in this type of government are pretty clear. Whatever the ruler says, goes. Of course, many people have had different ideas about how the ruler should govern, and those beliefs support totally different types of government. The rules shape the government’s LEGITIMACY, or the degree to which the people accept the authority of the government.
Rule by Man
Countries whose CITIZENS are governed by the absolute decisions of the ruler have not necessarily been unhappy. A government whose king or queen rules justly and wisely may enjoy a great deal of legitimacy as long as the ruler’s AUTHORITY is accepted. Sometimes people may accept their leader because they are afraid of the consequences if they don’t. In the words of MACHIAVELLI, “It is better to be feared than loved.” As long as the feared ruler is seen as bringing about prosperity or protecting the lives of his subjects, it is entirely possible that his people will be happy.
Rule by Law
RULE BY LAW exists in any political system in which those with power cannot make up all their own rules, but must follow an established CODE OF LAW. In ancient times a Byzantine emperor established JUSTINIAN’S CODE, a set of laws named after him that lived on long after he died. We still follow parts of that code today. The Romans were also known for codifying laws, as was NAPOLEON, Emperor of France, many centuries later.
Today most governments at least claim to be ruled by law. The most common indication is the existence of a written constitution, but the most important question to ask is whether or not the constitution actually is the “blueprint” that determines how and what policies are made. For example, Nigeria officially is a democracy with a written constitution that one dictator after another has ignored. On the other hand, Great Britain has never had a constitution as a single written document, but has for centuries been governed by law. For much of their history, the English had a limited monarchy, or a king or queen who has followed rule of law. So whether a king can order “off with his head!” depends on the type of government that is accepted in his country. If he sets the rules (rule by man), or if the accepted outside rules allow (rule by law), the victim doesn’t have a chance.
Anyone can suspect a crime. People arrested on suspicion of a crime have the right to bail provided for under international law and our constitution (FDRE cons 17 (2)). The right to bail is a guarantee that people arrested on suspicion of a crime will be released from detention without being detained for a period of time (warranty | Wex | US Law | LII / Legal InformationInstitute). – Provided by the school 1st: Guarantee by the police (Article 28 of the Penal Code)
-If you are suspected of a crime punishable by up to 3 years in prison
-If you do not have enough information to suspect that you have committed a crime or that you have committed a crime, you will be signed by the Investigating Police or a bail bond will be set. 2nd: Court Guarantee (Article 63)
– The offense carries a maximum penalty of 15 years’ imprisonment
– This guarantee is only granted if the person injured by the crime does not die. Not only this, with regard to Article 69 (2) (a) of the Penal Code, the courts must consider the possibility of granting bail. If the suspect is released, it will not cause problems in gathering evidence (if it does not persuade witnesses) If I comply with the obligation If not a threat to public order If you do not commit another crime If not a recurring criminal If the suspect’s address is not far away or out of the country, I may be granted bail. The bail application can be filed with any court in accordance with Article 64. Although the amount of bail is determined by the court, the court will take into account the severity of the crime, the appointment, the amount of property and the duration of the bail. Failure to comply with warranty obligation If the defendant does not appear on the appointment, bail will be paid to the government and the missing defendant will be forced to appear at the police station. He will then be kept in custody until a decision is made (Article 73 (23)).
The letter Abiy’s puppet(AG) wrote to block medical treatment of Bekele Gerba was brought to court today. Attorney General tried to hide what was already delivered to court. He tried to intimidate prison officials to hide the letter but the brave officers delivered it to court.
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